How Many Electrons Does Carbon Have? – Correct & Verified Answer

Have you ever wondered how many electrons does carbon have? The Answer is 6. 2 in the K shell (first)) and 4 in the L shell (second shell).

Carbon, atomic number 6, is a tiny and simple element with little atoms. The nucleus contains six positively charged protons, and six electrons are spread in two shells outside the nucleus. The outer shell contains four electrons strongly held in place by the nucleus’s electrostatic force.

While either electron gain or loss can ionize a carbon atom, it does not usually do so. On the other hand, carbon readily engages in covalent bonding, sharing electrons with surrounding atoms and building strong bonds with them.

How Many Electrons Does Carbon Have
How Many Electrons Does Carbon Have

How Many Electrons Does Carbon Have? The Configuration

Carbon has the atomic number Z of 6.

Therefore, no protons equal the number of electrons equals the atomic number of an atom when it is neutral.   Carbon has six electrons with the configuration 1s2 2s2 2p2, where the 2s2 and 2p2 can engage in hybridization and give four unpaired electrons. As a result, carbon has two valences: 2,4.

What is Carbon?

Carbon is the 15th most plentiful element in the Earth’s crust and, by mass, the fourth most common element in the universe, followed by hydrogen, helium with oxygen. Carbon’s mass, the unique diversity of organic combinations, and rare ability to form polymers at common Earth temperatures allow it to serve as a common ingredient of all known life. After oxygen, it is the second most prevalent element in the human body by mass (approximately 18.5 percent).

What is Carbon

Carbon and Its History 

Carbon was first discovered in prehistory and was known to be the oldest human civilization in the forms of soot and charcoal. Diamonds were undoubtedly discovered in China as early as 2500 BCE, while carbon in the form of charcoal was created during the time of the Romans using the same chemistry as it is today by heating wood in a pyramid coated with clay to exclude air.

René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur demonstrated in 1722 that iron could be turned into steel by the absorption of some material, now known to be carbon. Antoine Lavoisier demonstrated in 1772 that diamonds are a type of carbon by burning samples of charcoal and diamond and discovering that none created any water, and both released the same amount of carbon dioxide per gram. 

In 1779 Carl Wilhelm Scheele demonstrated that graphite, previously assumed to be a type of lead, was actually similar to charcoal but with a small amount of iron admixture. When oxidized with nitric acid, it produced “aerial acid” (his term for carbon dioxide).

By oxidizing graphite in oxygen, the French scientists Claude Louis Berthollet, Gaspard Monge, and C. A. Vandermonde verified that it was primarily carbon in 1786, much like Lavoisier had done with diamond.

Some iron was leftover, which the French scientists believed was required for the graphite structure. Their paper proposed the name carbone (Latin carbonum) for the element in graphite that emitted a gas when burned. Carbon was then recognized as an element in Antoine Lavoisier’s 1789 textbook.

Carbon and Its History

What is Carbon’s Atomic Weight?

Ar(C) = [12.0096, 12.0096] .0116]

What is Carbon’s Electronegativity?

2.55 on the Pauling scale


Carbon is the most abundant element on Earth, accounting for more than half of the planet’s crust. It is a strong element with various applications, ranging from being in our bodies to be a crucial ingredient in many industrial processes. We believe that you got a clear idea about how many electrons does carbon have and the history behind carbon.


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