Deer has many predators, and this article provides a comprehensive list of what eats deer. Deer, sometimes known as trum deer, are hoofed ruminant mammals that belong to the Cervidae family. The Cervinae includes the muntjac, elk (wapiti), red deer, fallow deer, and the Capreolinae, which includes the reindeer (caribou), white-tailed deer, roe deer, and moose.
Male deer of all species (excluding water deer) and female reindeer grow and shed new antlers every year. They are distinct from permanently horned antelope, which belong to a separate family (Bovidae) within the same order of even-toed ungulates (Artiodactyla). Deer hunting has been a popular pastime since the middle ages and continues to be a valuable resource for many households today.
What Eats Deer -The List
1. Humans – Humans are the most prominent deer hunters. Humans have hunted deer for many years, both for meat and for sport.
2. Coyote – The coyote is a North American canine species. It is relatively smaller than the wolf, and the closely related eastern wolf and red wolf. One of their favorite food is deer.
3. Cougar – A cougar is a huge cat that is endemic to the Americas. And the cougar is a major deer predator.
4. Bobcats – The bobcat, often known as the red Lynx, is a medium-sized North American cat. The bobcat is similar to other species in the mammalian genus Lynx, but it is the smallest of the four. Deer, moles, birds, rabbits, and fish are amongst their favorite foods.
5. Bears – Bears are carnivorous animals in the Ursidae family. Although only eight species of bears are known to exist, they are ubiquitous, inhabiting a wide range of habitats in the Northern Hemisphere and, to a lesser extent, the Southern Hemisphere. They eat a wide variety of food, including deer, because they are carnivorous (save for Pandas).
6. Alligators and Crocodiles – Alligators and crocodiles are both members of the Crocodilia family. True crocodiles (family Crocodylidae), alligators and caimans (family Alligatoridae), and gharial and false gharial are examples (family Gavialidae). They primarily hunt deer when they come to drink water.
7. Lions – A lion is a big cat of the Panthera genus. It features a muscular, deep-chested body, a short, rounded head, round ears, and a hairy tuft at the tail’s end. Male lions are bigger than females. The lion hunts a broad variety of species, including deer.
8. Wolf – The wolf is a big canine that is endemic to Eurasia and North America. More than thirty subspecies of Canis lupus have been identified, and grey wolves, as they are commonly known, are a wild subspecies. They frequently hunt in packs and prey on medium-sized and hoofed mammals. They enjoy deer hunting.
9. Hyenas – Hyenas are feliform carnivorous animals in the Hyaenidae family. Despite their low diversity, hyenas are distinct and essential components of most African ecosystems. Hyenas, like wolves, hunt in packs.
10. Tigers – The tiger is the largest extant cat species member of the Panthera genus. It is an apex predator that mainly feeds on ungulates like deer and wild boar.
11. Jaguars- The jaguar is a huge cat species that is the only living member of the genus Panthera which is a native animal to the Americas. They consume cattle, reptiles, fish, and deer.
12. Panthers- Panthers have a single rounded vocal fold with a thick mucosal lining, a large vocalis muscle, and a massive cricothyroid muscle with long and narrow membranes. Their dietary chain is identical to that of tigers.
13. Pumas- Pumas are big cats. They are also known as cougars and mountain lions and can grow larger than other “big” cat species. They enjoy eating bighorn sheep, deer, mountain goats, and raccoons.
14. Eagles – Eagles are classified into various genera. Most of the 60 eagle species are found in Eurasia and Africa. Rest can be found in North America, Central / South America, and Australia outside of this region. Eagles typically hunt small mammals, birds, and fish. However, there have been sightings of hunting deer occasionally.
15. Feral dogs (Free-roaming dogs) — A feral dog is one who is not confined to a yard or house. Street dogs, village dogs, stray dogs, feral dogs, and other unowned canines are examples of free-roaming dogs. Feral dogs vary from regular dogs in that they did not grow up with close human contact. Small animals and rodents, including deer, are hunted by wild dogs.
16. Pythons – Python is a genus of constricting snakes in the Pythonidae family that is native to the Eastern Hemisphere’s tropics and subtropics. Pythons feed on birds, rodents, lizards, and mammals such as monkeys and deer.
17. Mountain lynx – The mountain lynx is a member of the same family as the Bobcat (Lynx), but it is larger in size. They, like Bobcats, enjoy hunting and eating deer.
18. Wild Hog (Wild Hog) – The wild boar is a highly adaptable omnivore with feeding preferences comparable to humans. They eat both leaves and meat. They prefer to hunt fish, rodents, lizards, snakes, and small deer.
19. Cheetahs – The cheetah is a huge cat that is endemic to Africa and central Iran. Cheetah is the fastest land animal, which can reach up to speeds ranging from 80 to 128 km/h (50 to 80 mph). The cheetah is a carnivore which hunts small to medium-sized prey such as cattle, desert hair, Impala, and deer.
20. Raccoons – The raccoon is a North American animal. It is the largest member of the procyonid family. They cannot hunt deer, but they will consume leftovers from a hunt.
21. Possums- Possums, gliders, and cuscus are the popular names for the species. The popular name “possum” refers to numerous Phalangeriformes species because they resemble opossums found in the Americas. They, like raccoons, are unable to hunt deer but will consume leftovers.
22. Skunks – Skunks are animals in the Mephitidae family. They are well-known for their ability to spray a liquid with a strong, disagreeable odor. Skunks are omnivorous, eating both plant and animal matter, and their diets alter with the seasons. Insects, lizards, frogs, snakes, earthworms, rodents, birds, and eggs are amongst their favorite foods. They are scavengers who will consume leftovers.
23. Vultures – A vulture is a bird of prey that eats carrion. 23 vulture species are still alive today (including Condors). They rarely attack healthy animals, although they may target injured or sick animals. It usually waits for a larger scavenger to consume before it eats.
Who Eats Deer the Most?
Coyotes, cougars, bobcats, bears, and wolves eat the deer most. Aside from that, humans are a major deer predator. More than a source of food, humans hunt deer as a sport.
How Do Deer Protect Themselves?
When it comes to fending off predator assaults, deer aren’t the best. While they are swift and agile, they are readily surprised and preyed upon by various predators. Deer lacks the finest protective mechanisms, making them an accessible prey for skilled hunters.